NewsHub --- Library --- Federal --- Records --- Vinelink --- CIR --- IRE --- IQuery

Suit Claims Officers Violated Human Rights

                                    ----------------------------------------------
  (RPC) - 3/19/2015 - More than 230 officers with the Illinois Department of Corrections Special Operations Response Team unit (SORT) known as "Orange Crush" have been named in a class action lawsuit for alleged human rights violations.
   Filed on March 19, 2015, on behalf of a prisoner at Illinois River Correction Center, the suit names a total of 232 officers who it says “beat, sexually humiliated, and otherwise abused hundreds of prisons,” and “gratuitously inflicted punishment for the sole purpose of causing humiliation and needless pain.”
   The plaintiff, Demetrius Ross, is being represented by the civil rights firm of Loevy & Loevy Attorney at Law, and the Uptown People's Law Center.
   As stated in the introduction to the suit: “In late April 2014, the 'Orange Crush' conducted a shakedown of cells at Illinois River Correctional Center (Illinois River). Rather than pursue this shakedown as a legitimate security procedure, however, Defendants beat, sexually humiliated, and otherwise abused Mr. Ross (and hundreds of other prisoners), destroyed his property, and otherwise gratuitously inflicted punishment for the sole purpose of causing humiliation and needless pain. Plaintiff seeks damages for his injuries (and those of other similarly abused prisoners), and an injunction prohibiting Defendants from inflicting such abuse during future searches.”
   The suit alleges that such abusive searches were common practice at several IDOC facilities, namely Menard Correctional Center, Bug Muddy River Correctional Facility, and Lawrence Correctional Facility.
   In one instance at the Illinois River facility, Ross alleges in the suit, prisoners were subject to humiliating strip searches while female officers were present, as well as various unsanitary acts and painful handcuffing positions in which the palms are extended outward. Included were “orders to march from their housing units to the gym at the facility with their hands on the backs of the prisoners ahead of them in line so that one man's genitals were in direct contact with the next man's buttocks (referred to by the Orange Crush team as 'Nut to Butts'”).
   The suit describes several other acts of physical and verbal abuse that it says were common at the hands of the guards.
   “The painful and humiliating shakedowns inflicted physical injuries—including headaches, dizziness, wrist pain, and lower back pain—and emotional injuries—including severe embarrassment, fear, stress, trauma, and humiliation,” it states.
   The suit was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois, East St. Louis Division. Ross' complain was brought on behalf of himself and “all others similarly situated to him—namely, other prisoners housed at Illinois River, Menard, Big Muddy River, and Lawrence from 2014 to the present.”
   Defendants at Illinois River, all of whom are members of the IDOC Special Operations Response Team (SORT, also known as Orange Crush), include Brian Piper, Brendan Ankrom, Justin Hammers, Brad Johnson, Fred Williams, Frank Thompson, Derek Smith, Steve Albrecht, Robert Adams, Sarah Arnett, Bryan Bailey, Shawn Bailliez, Andrew Bottrell, Larry Boyd, Douglas Brown, Dennis Bucco, Vincent Cogdal, Nick Conklin, Jason Dams, Robert Dorethy, Olin Eldridge, Lisa Ellinger, Curtis Jenkins, Scott Lamb, Chris Luker, Canduce Morrill, Andrew Moser, William Myers, Lee Parker, Chad Sappington, Ron Shoultz, Jamie Skaggs, Cally Stein, Mike Stufflebeam, Ashley Thompson, Steve Wilcoxen, Drew Derenzy, Justin Dircks, David English, M. Fluder, Joseph France, Jason Jester, Loretta Joachim, Nick Lohnes, Robert Passmore, Andy Phelps, Sam Taylor, Tammy Thousand, and Cayd Walljasper.
   Defendants at Muddy River, all of whom are members of the SORT, include Chris White, Keneth Finney, David Hermetz, Robert Walsh, Ryan Davis, James Bruce, Matt Dees, Donald Pulliam, Jeremy McBride, Nick Nalley, Gary Stark, William Hughey, Ayla Heinzmann, Kenny Brown, Randy Smith, Shane Smith, Robert Rivett, Larry Provence, Kyle Massey, DaWayne Cotton, Bradley Herzog, Dale Martin, Pat Anderson, Dwight Dilg, Rene DeGroof, Angela Craddock, Sierra Tate, John Mohr, John Jones, Doug Mason, Justin Johnson, Khorey Anderton, Matt Cannon, James Johnson, John Maragni, Mike Bowers, Blake Elliot, Ray McCann, Brice Wilson, Josh Curry, Kendall Harris, Eric Shelton, Rene Waters, and Stephanie Beasley.
   Defendants at Lawrence, all of whom are members of SORT, include Michael Gilreath, Jason Zollars, Jerry Tanner, Andy Stout, Dale Monical, Ben Lewis, Brad Yonaka, Kevin W. Johnson, Marcus Jenkins, Janet Carle, Bud Brown, Stephen Sawyer, Walter McCormick, Jerry Harper, Jason Ginder, Jeremiah Patterson, James Berry, Randy Baylor, Bill Carroll, Brad Stuck, Eric Weber, Lance Wise, Daniel Dust, Steven Conrad, Jarrod Carter, Timothy McAllister, Noble Harrington, Samuel Shehorn, Jeffrey Kidd, Ben Vaughn, Travis Ochs, Brian Livingston, Robert Kamp, Anthony Senn, Trent Ralston, Maury Goble, Bradley Ausbrook, Seth Hough, Christopher Brant, Ethan Clary, Matthew Winka, Michael Dean, Nicholas Lampley, Dallas Willis, Timothy Conrad, Christopher Cales, James Gosnell, Alexander Lockhart, Matthew Tribble, Andrew Gangloff, MaryEllen Thomason, Justin Eckelberry, Doug Line, Jacob Milam, Zachariah Buchanan, Akeem Hamilton, Andrew Volk, Gary Perkins, Kyle Brooks, John Chenault, Jr., Dan Mullin, Andrew Mays, and Brandon Richey.
   Defendants at Menard, all of whom are members of SORT, include Jerry Witthoft, Frank Eovaldi, Mark Bower, Fredrick Carter, Kevin Cartwright, Nathan Berry, Chase Caron, Kyle Donjon, Justin Engelage, Wesley Engelage, Charles Fricke, Jason Furlow, Brian Guetersloh, Shane Gregson, Mark Hanks, Joel Hepp, Kevin Hirch, Anthony Jones, Tyler Jones, Brian Kulich, Jason Lane, Jay McMillan, Alex Moll, Wesley Monroe, Jared Phillips, Kenny Porter, Rory Renk, Minh Scott, James Watkins, Eric Wenzel, Aaron Westerman, Carson Winter, Caleb Zang, Gene Bailey, Derek Baylon, David Brock, Benny Davis, Bryan Easton, Richard Harris, Shayne Howell, Brandon Hunter, Michael Laminack, James Lloyd, Lucas Mennerich, Jason Migneron, Jason Morris, John Restoff, Steven Richard, Tyson Shurtz, Ryan Ziegler, Trevor Rowland, David Holder, Scott Ebers, Mike Baughman, Hubert Brace, James Cissell, Bradley Clark, Charles Compton, Dustin Harmon, John Koch, Brandon Lloyd, Kenneth Smith, Nathan Ward, Mitch Simmons, Michael Jones, Tracy Heiman, Aaron Campbell, Edwin Gladney, Kyle Hughhey, Erik Krammer, Wendy Parks, and James Rigdon.
   Illinois River warden Greg Gossett, Big Muddy River warden Zach Roeckeman, Lawrence warden Steve Duncan, Menard warden Kim Butler, IDOC Chief of Operations Joseph Yurkovich, Acting IDOC Director Donald Stolworthy are also named as defendants in the suit.
   Allegations, as listed in the document, are as follows:
   “In late April 2014, Illinois River was put on lockdown for approximately one week. During the lockdown, Defendant Orange Crush Officers conducted a shakedown of each house at the facility.
  “Upon entering each wing of the facility, Defendant Orange Crush Officers would yell loudly and began making loud “whooping” noises, and hitting their batons on the walls, tables, doors, and railings in the wing.
   “Two of the Orange Crush officers lined up in front of each cell in the wing, and yelled at the men in the wing to “get asshole naked!” Once the prisoners were undressed, they ordered each man to come out of his cell, one at a time. They ordered each prisoner to bend over while facing their cell (leaving their backs to the officers), and spread their buttocks and lift each foot off the ground.
   “Defendant Orange Crush Officers then ordered the men to turn around to face the officers, and to lift their genitals. Next, they were ordered to open their mouths with their fingers, using the same hands that they had just used to touch their genitals and buttocks. Prisoners who asked to wash their hands before putting them into their mouths were told to “shut the fuck up!” and were threatened with segregation if they did not comply. Some of the Defendant Orange Crush Officers present in the housing unit during the strip search were female.
   “When Defendant Orange Crush Officers finished strip searching the first group of prisoners in the cells, they ordered them to return to their cell and to get dressed in pants, overshirts, and shoes. They were told that they could not put on any underwear. While those men were putting on the permitted clothing, Defendant Orange Crush Officers repeated the same process with the other men in the cells.
   “Once all of the strip searches were completed, Defendant Orange Crush Officers ordered the men to face the wall (with their backs to the officers) and to 'keep [their] fucking heads down!' Any prisoner who looked at the officers was slammed into the wall and told to 'put [his] fucking head down!' Defendant Orange Crush Officers then handcuffed all of the men in a particularly painful way—with the palms of their hands facing outwards and their thumbs pointed up to the sky. The handcuffs were also extremely tight, causing injuries to the prisoners’ wrists, and eliciting complaints from the prisoners. They were told to “shut the fuck up!' and to 'keep [their] fucking head[s] down!' and were threatened with segregation if they did not comply. Some of the prisoners asked to see a nurse or other medical staff. Their requests received the same response. All of the prisoners were handcuffed in the same way, regardless of whether they had a “front cuff” permit issued by medical staff (a medical order requiring correctional officers to handcuff men with their hands in front of them, rather than behind).
   “The men were ordered to line up and told to keep their heads down. Defendant Orange Crush Officers then lined up next to the prisoners, hitting their batons in their hands, and chanting 'punish the inmate.' This went on for several minutes.
   “Once the chanting stopped, Defendant Orange Crush Officers grabbed the back of each prisoner’s head and slammed it violently into the back of the prisoner ahead of him in line. Defendant Orange Crush Officers ordered the prisoners to stand in such a way that one man’s genitals were in direct contact with the buttocks of the man ahead of him in line—referred to by Defendant Orange Crush Officers as “Nuts to Butts.” Mr. Ross’s head was slammed down so violently that his glasses broke and fell from his face. He suffered extreme dizziness and lightheadedness as a result.
   “Defendant Orange Crush Officers then shoved their batons in between each prisoner’s legs and jerked upwards, forcing the prisoner to straighten his legs while keeping his back bent over at a 90-degree angle onto the prisoner in front of him. This had the effect of forcing the men to place their genitals directly against the buttocks of the men in front of them. The officers then ordered the prisoners, using several epithets, to march in that formation from their housing wing to the gym at the facility. As the men began marching, the officers yelled that they didn’t 'want to see any fucking daylight' between any of the prisoners in line.
   “The march from the housing wing to the gym was long and painful. Every time that a prisoner’s head came off of the back of the prisoner in front of him, officers responded with violence. Defendant Orange Crush Officers would slam the prisoner’s head into the back of the prisoner in front of him. Some, like Mr. Ross, were violently yanked out of the line, and choked and pulled to the ground while other officers jabbed them in their backs with batons. Each time this occurred, the line would stop moving. The frequent starts and stops of the procession, as well as the inherent difficulty that prisoners had maintaining perfect contact with the prisoner ahead of them in line, forced several prisoners to break contact with the prisoner in front of them, causing them to be attacked by the officers.
   “When the procession of prisoners arrived at the gym, Defendant Orange Crush Officers ordered them to stand facing the wall with their heads down. They remained handcuffed. Many of the officers then left the gym to return to the housing wing. Defendant Albright, however, remained in the gym with the prisoners.
   “The prisoners remained standing in this stress position for several hours. During that time, Defendant Albright yelled at the prisoners: 'This is punishment for all your sins!' He ordered the prisoners not to ask for medical attention because none would be provided, not to ask for water because none would be given, and not to ask to use the bathroom because they would be denied. He further told the prisoners that if their handcuffs were too tight, they would have to 'be a man and take it or get dragged to seg!'
   “After several hours, the other Defendant Orange Crush Officers returned. They lined up the prisoners in the same formation as before, and again slammed their heads into the backs of the prisoners in front of them. They again ordered the prisoners to march in that formation back to their housing wing. Just as before, if a prisoner broke the line by lifting his head off the back of the person in front of him, Defendant Orange Crush Officers reacted with violence.
   “ Defendant Orange Crush Officers laughed at and taunted the prisoners throughout the entire march to and from the gym.
   “When they at last returned to their housing wing, the prisoners found their cells had been 'tossed.' Many of the prisoners found that non-contraband items had been taken, including legal documents and property that they had legitimately purchased from the commissary at the facility. Although IDOC policies require staff to complete 'shakedown slips' to document any property taken from a prisoner, many prisoners did not receive any shakedown slips at all. Those prisoners who did receive “shakedown slips” found that they contained an inaccurate account of what had been taken and also that the slips obscured the officers’ names who had confiscated the property. Upon information and belief, this was done intentionally, as policy, to conceal the identity of Defendant Orange Crush Officers who had participated in the shakedown.
   “One of the prisoners asked an officer to get the warden, Defendant Greg Gossett. In response, the officer laughed and told him that the warden already knew all about what was happening at the facility.
   “The prisoners suffered physical injuries as a result of the shakedown at the facility, including severe headaches, dizziness, lightheadedness, blurred vision, and severe pain in their neck and back from the march. Many prisoners complained about these injuries to the officers during the shakedown and march, and upon return to their cells. They were all denied medical attention. Officers instead told them to 'submit a grievance like you inmates always do.'
   The plaintiff argues that this neither the first nor the last time that such abuse occurred, with officers conducting similar shakedowns at Menard in April 2014, at Big Muddy River in May 2014, and in July 2014 at Lawrence.
   Altogether the suit alleges that hundreds of prisons suffered human rights violations at the hands of the named officers, as well as violations of the federal Prison Rape Elimination Act.
   A jury trial has been demanded on behalf of the plaintiff in suit.

NSA Faces New Lawsuit Over Mass Surveillance

By Steve Rensberry 
srensberry@rensberrypublishing.com
-------------------------------------------------
    (RPC) - 3/11/2015 - The American Civil Liberties Union has filed a new lawsuit against the National Security Agency on behalf of multiple plaintiffs. At issue is the agency's practice of conducting "upstream surveillance," and the broad scope of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008, which the ALCU says violates both the U.S. Constitution and the reasonable expectation of privacy that average citizens and others who rely on confidential, secure communications have.
   The suit asks that the practice of upstream surveillance be declared unlawful and stopped immediately, and that the government be required to purge all information from its databases with respect to the plaintiffs.
  Plaintiffs include the Wikimedia Foundation, The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International USA, PEN American Center, Global Fund for Women, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, and The Washington Office on Latin America.
   “Upstream surveillance, which the government claims is authorized by the FISA Amendments Act of 2008, is designed to ensnare all of Americans’ international communications, including emails, web-browsing content, and search engine queries,” the ACLU states. “It is facilitated by devices installed, with the help of companies like Verizon and AT&T, directly on the internet 'backbone' – the network of high-capacity cables, switches, and routers across which Internet traffic travels.”
   The complaint, dated March 10, 2015, challenges what it says is “the suspicionless seizure and searching of internet traffic by the National Security Agency (NSA) on U.S. Soil,” putting in jeopardy billions of sensitive international communications conducted each year by various educational, legal, human rights and media organizations – effectively undermining their ability to conduct activities which are crucial to their missions.
   Defendants named in the suit include the Fort Meade, Maryland-based National Security Agency/Central Security Service, NSA Director Michael S. Rogers, the Defendant Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper, the Department of Justice, and U.S. Attorney General Eric H. Holder.
   While the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act was enacted in 1978, it has undergone numerous amendments over the years, one of the latest of which was the FISA Amendments Act (FAA) signed by former President George W. Bush on July 10, 2008.
   “The FAA radically revised the FISA regime that had been in place since 1978, by authorizing the acquisition without individualized suspicion of a wide swath of communications, including U.S. persons' international communications, from companies inside the United States,” the complaint states.
   The act prohibits the specific targeting of U.S. citizens, but is defined so broadly the plaintiff's say that just about any type of communication by citizens (corporations and associations included) outside the country is fair game.
   As stated in the suit: “Thus, though the FAA is nominally concerned with the surveillance of individuals and groups outside the United States, it has far-reaching implications for U.S. persons' privacy. The targets of FAA surveillance may include journalists, academic researchers, human rights defenders, aid workers, business persons, and others who are not suspected of any wrongdoing. In the course of FAA surveillance, the government may acquired the communications of U.S. citizens and residents with all of these persons.”
   Other concerns expressed in the complaint:
   -- Upstream surveillance does not share the same limitations as that of standard NSA targets, but essentially involves a fishing expedition by collecting and storing all international communications by everyone in order to filter them through a set of search terms for review and potentially further surveillance.
   -- Although so-called targeting and minimization procedures are in place to limit how data is used, those procedures are very permissive and filled with exceptions, that allow the NSA to retain anything it collects for a period of up to three years, or indefinitely if such communications are encrypted.
   “The interception, copying, and review of Plaintiffs' communications while in transit is a violation of plaintiffs' reasonable expectation of privacy in those communications. It is also a violation of plantiffs' right to control those communications and the information they reveal and contain,” the suit states.
   The complain cites action by the government in 2013, as noted by the director of national intelligence, where 89,138 individuals, groups and organizations were targeted for surveillance under a single court order; in addition to the collection of 150 million internet communications in 2011 alone under the FAA.
   ACLU Staff Attorney Patrick Toomey cites a quoted comment made by former NSA Director Michael Hayden, who stated: “Let me be really clear. NSA doesn't just listen to bad people. NSA listens to interesting people. People who are communicating information,” as evidence that there are  very few limitations on the agency's spying activities.
   “The fact that upstream surveillance is supposedly focused on international communications is hardly a saving grace. Americans spend more and more of their lives communicating over the Internet – and more and more of those communications are global in nature, whether we realize it or not,” Toomey writes. “An email from a woman in Philadelphia to her mother in Phoenix might be routed through Canada without either one knowing it. Similarly, companies like Microsoft and Google often store backup copies of their U.S. customers' emails on servers overseas, again with hardly anyone the wiser. The NSA is peeking inside virtually all of these.”
   Toomey criticizes the practice of upstream intelligence gathering as something that flips the Constitution on its head.
   “It allows the government to search everything first and ask questions later, making us less free in the process,” Toomey writes. “Our suit aims to stop this kind of surveillance.”

Researchers study brain circuitry shift, PTSD

   (NIH) - 1/24/2015 - People with anxiety disorders, such as post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), often experience prolonged and exaggerated fearfulness. Now, an animal study suggests that this might involve disruption of a gradual shifting of brain circuitry for retrieving fear memories. Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have discovered in rats that an old fear memory is recalled by a separate brain pathway from the one originally used to recall it when it was fresh.
  After rats were conditioned to fear a tone associated with a mild shock, their overt behavior remained unchanged over time, but the pathway engaged in remembering the traumatic event took a detour, perhaps increasing its staying power.
   “While our memories feel constant across time, the neural pathways supporting them actually change with time,” explained Gregory Quirk, Ph.D of the University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, in San Juan, a grantee of NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). “Uncovering new pathways for old memories could change scientists’ view of post-traumatic stress disorder, in which fearful events occur months or years prior to the onset of symptoms.”
   A research team led by Quirk and Fabricio Do-Monte, D.V.M., Ph.D., report on their findings in the January 19, 2015, issue of Nature.
   Immediately after fear conditioning, a circuit running from the prefrontal cortex, the executive hub, to part of the amygdala, the fear hub, was engaged to retrieve the memory. But several days later, Quirk and colleagues discovered that retrieval had migrated to a different circuit – from the prefrontal cortex to an area in the thalamus, called the paraventricular region (PVT). The PVT, in turn, communicates with a different central part of the amygdala that orchestrates fear learning and expression.
   The Quirk team spotted the moving memory using a genetic/laser technique called optogenetics, which can activate or silence specific pathways to tease apart their workings.
   The researchers say that the PVT may serve to integrate fear with other adaptive responses, such as stress, thereby strengthening the fear memory.
   “In people with anxiety disorders, any disruption of timing-dependent regulation in retrieval circuits might worsen fear responses occurring long after a traumatic event,” Quirk suggested.
   In the same issue of Nature, NIMH grantees Bo Li, Ph.D. and Mario Penzo, Ph.D. of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York, and colleagues, reveal how the long-term fear memory circuit works in mice to translate detection of stress into adaptive behaviors.
   Li and colleagues independently discovered the same shift in memory retrieval circuitry occurring, over time, after fear conditioning in mice. Using powerful genetic-chemical, as well as optogenetic, methods to experimentally switch pathways on and off, they showed conclusively that neurons originating in the PVT regulate fear processing by acting on a class of neurons that store fear memories in the central amygdala area.
   The Li team traced this activity in the PVT to the action of a messenger chemical, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which has previously been implicated in mood and anxiety disorders. For example, altered BDNF expression has been linked to PTSD.
   BDNF from the PVT, working via a specific receptor, activated the memory-storing amygdala neurons. Simply infusing BDNF into the central amygdala area caused mice to freeze in fear, suggesting that it not only enables the formation of fear memories, but also the expression of fear responses.
   Grants: MH058883, MH086400, GM061838, MH101214
   For more information, visit http://www.nimh.nih.gov.
References


-- Do-Monte HF, Quinones-Laracuente K, Quirk, GJ. A temporal shift in the circuits mediating retrieval of fear memory. Nature, Dec. ??, 2014.
-- Penzo MA, Robert V, Tucciarone J, De Bundel D, Wang M, Van Aeist L, Varvas M, Parada LF, Palmiter R, He M, Huang ZJ, Li B. The paraventricular thalamus controls a central amygdala fear circuit. Nature Dec. ??, 2014.
  Source: National Institutes of Health

Photo by Steve Rensberry (c) 2014